Winter is approaching and for most of us that means it is time to tackle our changing skin needs. As the air outside gets colder and the humidity decreases, indoor heat gets hotter and drier, which can lead to skin that is parched from moisture as the air around us, indoor and out, selfishly steals our reserves. Rosacea, which is commonly triggered by extremes in temperature, can flare more easily. Eczema and psoriasis can flare too, and those with acne-prone skin may even start to see an increase in breakout.
Another tricky aspect we are presented with these days is that while winter weather may be imminently approaching, temperatures can range widely from day to day or week to week. One day it can be cold and blustery and the very next temperatures can soar into the 60’s, making it difficult to know what coat to wear let alone which moisturizer to use. Wool and coarse fabrics can irritate your skin and add to the problem. Here is the solution to your winter skin woes:
1. Listen to your skin: It will always tell you what it needs, and what it doesn’t like. If your rosacea is flaring or you’re breaking out like you haven’t in a while, there is still hope. Try to pinpoint any triggers, avoid them when possible and be sure to stick to your skin care routine especially when you’re under stress. Perhaps you are overdue for a maintenance treatment or a visit to your dermatologist for a peel or skin care assessment? Did you run out of a skincare product that you love? Your skin will need different ingredients and products as weeks, months and years go by, but a common thread of consistency in your daily routine- cleansing, hydrating and sun protection- is important to prevent flares and keep your skin looking it’s most beautiful radiant best.
2. Check the weather: Just like you think ahead for seasonal weather changes, you should also prepare for the effects the changes in season will have on your skin. Learning to layer the right products and adding or subtracting ingredients throughout the year will lead to happier, healthier, more beautiful skin. Warmer days tend to be a bit more humid, so layers of antioxidant serums, hyaluronic acid serums and lightweight sunscreens may do the trick for you. Colder days, especially when it is dry and windy, may require a moisturizer designed to help seal in precious moisture. The body is drier than the face, and all skin loses water as you sleep and your body repairs damage from the day, so be sure to add a richer layer of hydration at night and find an easy to maintain humidifier to use in your bedroom as you sleep, allowing your skin to protect, replenish and restore its moisture bank.
3. Have the right skin care products ready in your arsenal: Key pieces are critical. Once you know which products you love and what works best for you, make sure you have them supplied and available to use on the fly as needed. Once you learn to listen to your skin and remember to routinely think of your daily skincare as you would your outfit selection for the day, you will start feeling and seeing more consistency in your skin health. See below to learn how to select the best products for your skin needs.
If all your efforts still only get you so far, trust the experts- after all it is what we are here for!
Skincare products that help you cope:
Facial Serums with Hyaluronic Acid
Depending on how prone to dryness your skin is, the cold air will quickly steal moisture from your skin. Layering serums, thinnest to thickest, under lotions and creams, helps to infuse your skin with deeper hydration. Topping off with the right lotion or cream will seal in all the good stuff so you’ll be best prepared for blustery, cold days.
I like to think of using Hyaluronic acid, which is a humectant, helping to pull in and hold water in the skin, as an ingredient that helps to fill the well. HA attracts water from the air around you and holds onto it, up to 1,000 times its weight, and is part of how your skin hydrates itself naturally. After a week or so of consistent HA use your skin’s moisture well will be replenished so you have better defense against dryness. As we age, we lose our reserves of naturally occurring HA so it’s important to supplement with it topically. Not only will it help you feel less dry but your skin will also plump up and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles will soften.
Facial Antioxidant Serums
Using antioxidant serums year round is a must. In the summer, we tote antioxidants for their protective qualities when layered with sunscreens and the same is true in the winter months. Some of us can upgrade to more emollient formulas in the winter for an extra boost of hydration. If you don’t already have a facial antioxidant you love, Alastin Skin Nectar, SkinBetter Alto, SkinCeuticals CE Ferulic and Skin Medica TNS Essential Serum are all highly recommended!
Super Gentle Exfoliants
You might notice that treatment ingredients and acne medications suddenly begin to irritate your skin as the weather gets colder. This is because as your skin loses moisture and naturally occurring protective oils, active ingredients penetrate more deeply. To counter this, use actives less often and sandwich them between serums and moisturizers. If they still irritate you, switch it up and try these clever products from RestorSea, which exfoliate without any irritation and help to enhance skin function and barrier repair. RestorSea Intensive Treatment 10x is a safe and non-irritating alternative to retinols. Apply RestorSea Rebalancing Lotion on top for additional hydration.
Your moisturizers will never work better than they do when layered over your favorite Hyaluronic Acid and Antioxidant Serums. And for some of us, these layers of serums might be enough, especially when topped in the day with a protective sunscreen. For those who need a bit more, we recommend finding a formulation designed for your specific skin needs. Drier skin types can use moisturizers morning and night. For combination-to-normal-to-dry skins, we say sleep in one that you love, remembering to slather your neck and chest too.Dry Skin: Skin Medica Dermal Repair, MD Rejuvena Ultra-Rich Hydration, Neutrogena Hydro Boost Gel-Cream (for extra-dry skin)
Normal-to-Dry Skin: Epionce Medical Barrier Repair, SkinCeuticals Triple Lipid Restore, Sente Dermal Repair Cream, Skin Medica Total Defense and Repair SPF
Oily or Combination Skin: SkinCeuticals Physical Fusion SPF 50, NeoCutis MicroDay
1-2 nights a week you can apply a hydrating mask. For very dry skin, apply a cream or gel based mask like SkinCeuticals Phyto Corrective Masque for 10-20 minutes, tissue the mask off and then apply your regular nightly routine. For normal to dry skin, apply your evening skincare and then a sheet mask over the products, wearing the sheet mask, like SkinCeuticals Biocellulose Restorative Masque for up to an hour or even overnight. Make sure you’ve got a good humidifier going while you sleep, too. Certain essential oil diffusers also infuse the air with moisture with the adding bonus of sleep-enhancing essential oils like Lavender or Chamomile. In a pinch, take a tip from our grandmothers and great grandmothers and place a bowl of water by your bed- it doesn’t work nearly as well as the other options but it’s certainly better than nothing.
Lips, Hands, Feet, Body
Dry, chapped skin can start to appear on the hands, legs and body as soon as the weather starts to change. Keep a bottle of liquid coconut oil (Nutiva Organic Cold-Pressed Liquid Coconut Oil) in the bathtub and apply it to your whole body while the water is still running. A little coconut oil goes a long way and the warm shower water helps you spread it evenly over your whole body (do not apply to feet while standing in the shower and be especially careful not to slip getting in or out!). Before drying off, try applying 1-2 pumps of an exfoliating, hydrating body lotion. Some of my favorites are: PCA Body Therapy, AmLactin Hydrating Body Lotion, SkinFix Extra Strength Soothing Body Cream and Theraplex Emollient for Severely Dry Skin.
Replace hand soaps with richer moisturizing formulas and keep hand lotions next to your sink in the bathroom and kitchen and apply after every hand wash and in your purse for when you’re on the go. Pro tip: If you don’t like your hands to feel greasy, just apply the formula to the back of your hands from time to time. Keep your hands covered with gloves or mittens on especially cold days to protect them from cold, dry air.
To better manage dry cracked feet, begin by exfoliating regularly. Most of us get pedicures less frequently in the winter but when you do, skip the exfoliating callus remover and more aggressive exfoliation methods offered at spas as they can go wrong, making you more prone to cracked heels. Instead, when you step out of the shower, apply an exfoliating serum designed specifically for the feet, then apply something rich like Aquaphor and put on your socks. For less dry feet use a milder exfoliating and hydrating formula when you get out of the shower and before you go to bed.
Lips need love too! Physically exfoliate them gently with your toothbrush then apply a hydrating lip serum. Top off with something more occlusive and reapply it throughout the day. Keep it easy by having a travel version in your bag at all times.
Hands: Dr. Day’s Handle With Care, Neutrogena Norwegian Formula Hand Cream, Aquaphor
Feet: Clarisonic Pedi-System, Clarisonic Pedi Boost Renewing Peel, Isdin Podos
Lips: RestorSea Lip Magic, EpiCeram Lipcare, Aquaphor
For questions about how to best treat your skin, please call us at (212) 772-0740 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Day.
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